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Mapping patterns of multiple deprivation and well-being in contemporary Switzerland using Self Organ

Acronimo well-being

Abstract This project seeks to contribute to the development of a conceptual and methodological framework for the identification of different forms of well-being and deprivation, are based on monetary indicators and synthetic indices which capture only the economic-financial dimension, leaving out other, equally important dimensions such as health, relationship, emotional capital, and degree of satisfaction with important aspects of daily life. Over the past fifteen years, scholars and policy makers concerned with poverty and inequality have been making increasing use of abstract notions - such as \'social exclusion\', \'fragility\', \'vulnerability\', \'well-being\', \'quality of life\', and \'happiness\' - to represent processes and living conditions experienced at first hand, and only partially inferable with the use of monetary measures of \'poverty\'. One of the main goals of our project is to deal with conceptual definitions and methodologies recurring widely in the literature and to propose an innovative analytical tool by which to represent the multidimensionality entailed in the concepts mentioned above. Following researches already done in other European countries and published in important international journals (see Whelan, Lucchini, Pisati, and Maître 2010; Pisati, Whelan, Lucchini, and Maître 2010; Lucchini, Pisati, Schizzerotto 2007; Lucchini and Sarti 2005), our purpose is to develop an innovative clustering procedure (Self-Organizing Maps - SOMs) to be applied to a complex set of non-monetary indicators of well-being and deprivation taken from the Swiss Household Panel (SHP). By employing this technique, we will try to identify a certain number of clusters of people characterised by different forms of well-being/deprivation, preserving as much as possible the information contained in the wide range of chosen indicators. The next step is to study the association between the identified prototypical forms of well-being/deprivation and some important heterogeneity factors like age, gender, level of education, occupational condition, income, social class, region of residence, type and composition of family and life events. Our second purpose is to verify if the theories of \'biographication\' of the risks of vulnerability (see Beck 2000, Bauman 2000; Leisering and Leibfried 1999) have more or less predictive power with respect to competing theories of the \'structuring\' of social inequality (Muffels and Fouarge 2002, 2003; Whelan, Layte, Maître 2002; Layte and Whelan 2001; Goldthorpe 2001; Layte, Nolan and Whelan 2002; Levy 2009).

Enti SUPSI coinvolti Dipartimento economia aziendale, sanità e sociale

Persone coinvolte Bruno-Christian Marazzi, Jenny Assi, Christine Butti

Responsabili Mario Lucchini

Data di inizio progetto 1 novembre 2011

Data di chiusura progetto 31 luglio 2013

Allegati allegato_al_progetto Asse 6_Mapping patterns (in inglese)