Mauro Manconi: Infraslow Oscillations and Periodic Leg Movements during Sleep
31 January 2019
Manno, Galleria 1, 2nd floor, room G1-201
Oscillations are a fundamental property of life and oscillatory activity is observed throughout the central nervous system at all levels of organization. They are observed across vastly different time scales ranging from year-long cycles to milliseconds. Oscillations interact across different time scales in a complex manner with one of the emerging principles being that lower level (faster) oscillations are embedded in higher level (slower) oscillations. Sleep is a prototype for such a multilevel oscillation. On the one hand, sleep is part of the slower oscillation of the circadian cycle, which interacts with the homeostatic oscillator to regulate the timing and the intra-sleep dynamics. Sleep itself is made up of ultradian cycles, that is, the 90 to 120 minute cycle between non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) sleep and REM sleep. NREM sleep again consists of several sleep stages, currently labeled N1 to N3, which denote the succession from lighter to deeper, slow wave sleep. The specific sleep stage is characterized by the predominance of brain activity oscillations that include several EEG frequency bands. Bridging the gap between the EEG frequency bands and the ultradian cycle, recent research has begun to characterize a further oscillation of brain activity that is even slower than the slow waves and represents multi-second oscillations with periodicities between 10 to 100 s. These oscillations are called infra-slow oscillations (ISO) and include a synchronous oscillations of motor (periodic legs movements), autonomic and cortical activity during sleep. The physiological as well the pathological meaning of the motor component of ISO has become an hot topic in sleep research.

The speaker

Prof. med. Mauro Manconi
Head of the Sleep/EEG Center, Neurocenter of Southern Switzerland,
Regional Hospital of Lugano,
Faculty of biomedical Sciences, USI, and Dpt. Of Neurology of Bern University